A cookie is a text file stored on a computer or mobile device through an online server. Only that server will be able to retrieve or read the content of the cookie and allow the website to remember the users browsing preferences. Cookies facilitate the interaction between the user and the website.
How do cookies work?
Cookies can only store text, usually always anonymously and with encryption. No personal data will be stored in a cookie nor can it be associated with an identified or identifiable person.
This data allows the website to maintain the information on its pages and analyse how it interacts with the site. Cookies are safe because they can only store information entered by the browser, information entered by the user or information included in the page request. It is not possible to run codes or access the computer itself. If a website encrypts cookie information, only that website can read it.
The cookies used on this website can be distinguished according to the following criteria:
1. Types of cookie based on the entity that manages them:
Depending on the entity that manages the device or the domain from which the cookies are sent and the data is obtained, we can distinguish:
Personal cookies: These cookies are sent to the user’s device from a computer or domain managed by the publisher and from which the user’s request was sent.
Third party cookies: These cookies are sent to the user’s device from a computer or domain that is not managed by the publisher, but from another entity that processes data through cookies.
In the event that cookies are installed on a computer or domain managed by the publisher, but the information collected is processed by a third party, the cookies are not considered property of the publisher.
2. Types of cookie depending on the length of time that they remain activated:
Depending on the length of time a cookie remains activated on a device, we can distinguish:
Session cookies: The type of cookie designed to collect and store data while the user is on the website. They are typically used to store information concerning the provision of the request service on a single occasion (for example, a list of purchased products).
Permanent cookies: The type of cookie in which the data remains stored on the device and can be accessed and processed during a defined period of time, defined by the person responsible for managing cookies, this can range from a few minutes to several years.
3. Types of cookie according to their purpose:
Depending on the purpose for which the cookies have been processed, we can distinguish between:
Technical cookies: These cookies allow the user to browse a website, platform or application and use the different options or services, such as traffic control, data communication, session identification, accessing parts of the website restricted by limited access, remembering items that are part of an order, carrying out an order purchase, carrying out an application for registration or participation in an event, using security features while browsing and storing content for sharing videos, audio or content through social networks.
Personalisation cookies: These cookies allow the user to access the service with some general, predefined features based on a number of criteria on the device of the user. This includes language, the browser through which the service is accessed, the regional settings from which the service is accessed, etc.
Analysis cookies: These cookies allow those responsible to track and analyse the activity of the users of the sites to which they are linked. Information collected through this type of cookie is used to measure the activity on the website, application or platform and to process user profiles in order to implement improvements in the analysis of data used by users.